What Happened at the Boston Tea Party?

The Boston Tea Party is a widely known and pivotal point leading to the War of Independence between American colonies and the British empire. Since the migration to America, enterprising colonists enjoyed a certain amount of sovereignty in their business affairs.

However, the ever-expanding colonies encountered resistance from Native Americans. The natives, encouraged by the French, caused trouble for the newly established Americans. Colonists asked the British for military assistance and the resulting war, the French and Indian Wars, was an expensive decade-long struggle on American soil. The Crown decided colonists should bear some of the economic burden.

Boston Tea Party Painting

Boston Tea Party Painting

Legal action leading directly to the Boston Tea Party involved increased taxes and trade tariffs. Entrepreneurs in America thought the taxes were unfair and began to protest. The British monarchy, trying to protect its own interests in trade, raised taxes on certain items the British empire provided and set in motion events leading to the Boston Tea Party.

Tea from the East India Trading Company, a major British interest, was suffering the competition of bustling piracy. The Tea Act of 1773 was designed to bring more profit to the Empire by eliminating corrupt merchant positions in the colonies. The loss of revenue angered Americans and made them feel that the British monarchy was taking too much control.

American colonists boycotted the British tea, but the Empire didn’t approve. Three ships of tea waited in the harbor until the colonists paid. Opposition grew and the idea for the Boston Tea Party was born. Merchants and protesters who called themselves the Sons of Liberty planned to act against the Crown. In a unified act of vandalism, the Sons of Liberty dressed up as Native Americans and boarded the three ships and dumped mass quantities of tea into the harbor. The Boston Tea Party was an act of revolt that led to more resistance. Participants in Boston Tea Party included the lawyer Samuel Adams.

The British Crown wasn’t impressed and charged the colonists for the damaged tea. Freedom fighters used the Boston Tea Party and increased tyranny to advocate the War of Independence.